The parathyroid glands are small pea-sized shaped glands that are in close proximity to the thyroid gland and control calcium levels in the blood. The most common abnormality of the parathyroid glands is adenoma. A parathyroid adenoma can cause the calcium levels to be elevated. Patients may be asymptomatic or may suffer from numerous symptoms. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, excessive thirst, frequent urination, constipation, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, muscle and joint aches, confusion, lethargy, and fatigue. More commonly, patients may suffer from recurrent kidney stones, or be at risk for osteoporosis. Most patients are diagnosed after routine blood testing reveals an elevated blood calcium level. Next, testing for an elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) level will help to confirm diagnosis.
Minimally invasive parathyroid surgery is made possible by being able to locate the site of the parathyroid tumor prior to surgery. Tumor localization is made by ultrasound and/or nuclear imaging (sestamibi scan). Once the tumor is localized, removal may be accomplished through an incision as small as 2.5cm (1 inch). Surgery is typically less than 1 hour and patients may go home the same day. No drain tubes are necessary. Recovery and aftercare are similar to that of minimally invasive thyroid surgery.
If you have any questions or if you would like to learn more about the services we provide, please call Trimble ENT and Sinus at 817-529-6200 or complete our contact form.